In Tanzania HIV is particularly high among sex workers and their clients, who are vulnerable to HIV infection because of the frequency of sexual contacts, high numbers of sexual partners, and their limited power to negotiate condom use or resist violent or coercive sex by clients
While HIV in Tanzania has begun to stabilize, and potentially decline, Total fertility and maternal mortality have remained stubbornly high. Over the past decade, PSI/Tanzania has expanded its portfolio of contraceptive methods from male condoms and oral contraceptives to now include female condoms, injectable contraceptives, intrauterine contraceptives devices (IUD), contraceptive implants and emergency contraception pills.
In Tanzania, the fight against malaria has started to show major progress. Between 2008 and 2013, the prevalence of malaria in children under five years has nearly halved through a range of different interventions led by the Government of Tanzania with the support of NGOs such as PSI.
Child mortality has shown a strong and significant decline in the past decade but efforts are continuously needed to reduce the burden further. Research shows that around 30-40% of child health services are sought through the private sector in Tanzania.