Tue Jun 27th 2017: 01:20:11

HIV

REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH/HIV

While HIV in Tanzania has begun to stabilize, and potentially decline, total fertility and maternal mortality have remained stubbornly high. Over the past decade, PSI/Tanzania has expanded the contraceptive methods in its portfolio from male condoms and oral contraceptives to include female condoms, injectable contraceptives, intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUD), contraceptive implants and emergency contraception pills. PSI/Tanzania has also begun to address maternal mortality through the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage and sepsis, and the prevention of unsafe abortion.

Reproductive health services are provided in urban areas through a trained network of 300 private providers, and reaches remote rural areas through mobile outreach teams offering free reproductive health services to communities that would otherwise lack any realistic level of access. In 2014 over 50,000 women received access to a long term family planning method. PSI/Tanzania and its partners also distributed over 85% of all condoms distributed in Tanzania that year.

In Tanzania HIV is particularly high among sex workers and their clients, who are vulnerable to HIV infection because of the frequency of sexual contacts, high numbers of sexual partners, and their limited power to negotiate condom use or resist violent or coercive sex by clients. With support from USAID and the Global Fund, PSI/Tanzania is working with peer educators in to provide to provide a package of HIV prevention outreach services which includes but is not limited to information, HIV counseling and testing, STI screening and treatment, male and female condom distribution.

SUPPORTING PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV

PSI/Tanzania is implementing a programme to support people living with HIV with free condoms and free household water treatment products to reduce the further spread of HIV and opportunistic infections such as diarrhea. This programme works through home based care partners who support around 160,000 people living with HIV. PSI/Tanzania also markets condoms and household water treatment products through the commercial sector to ensure consistent and affordable access to the general population, in part to minimise the risk of stigma in their use by people living with HIV.